Snowflake Tutorials For Beginner & Advance

Snowflake Tutorials For Beginner & Advance

What is Snowflake?

Snowflake is a cloud-based data warehousing platform that allows businesses to store, manage, and analyze large volumes of data. It was first released in 2014 and has since garnered a lot of attention in the data storage and analytics industry.

Snowflake differs from traditional data warehousing solutions in several key ways. Firstly, it is built for the cloud, meaning that it can scale up or down depending on the size of the data being stored or the level of performance required. This makes it easier for businesses to manage their data storage requirements without incurring additional costs.

One of the key benefits of Snowflake is its elasticity and scalability. Snowflake is designed to automatically scale up or down based on the amount of data being processed and the number of users accessing the system. This means that organizations can handle sudden spikes in data usage without having to worry about manually scaling their infrastructure.

Secondly, Snowflake separates compute and storage. This means that businesses can scale up their computing power without necessarily scaling up their storage capacity. This is useful when businesses need to do intensive data processing but do not need to store large amounts of data.

Snowflake is also highly automated, with features like auto-scaling, auto-optimization, and auto-failover. These features allow businesses to focus on analyzing their data rather than managing their data storage infrastructure.

In addition to its scalability and automation features, Snowflake offers advanced security features like encryption and multi-factor authentication to help businesses keep their data safe from unauthorized access.

Overall, Snowflake is a powerful and flexible data warehousing platform that offers businesses the ability to store, manage, and analyze large volumes of data in a highly scalable and secure manner. For beginners and advanced users, Snowflake offers a promising solution for their data storage and analytics needs.

Snowflake is a data platform as a cloud service
  • No Hardware : With Snowflake, you don’t need to purchase any hardware or software. The cloud-based platform is completely managed by the company and offers scalability and flexibility. It’s available wherever you need it with just a few clicks.
  • Virtually No Software : Snowflake is completely database-agnostic, which means it can be used with any database. The company also has pre-built connectors for popular platforms such as Amazon Redshift and Amazon DynamoDB. Additionally, you can use your own database to connect to Snowflake via API or ODBC drivers.
  • Runs completely on Cloud Infrastructure : Snowflake is a pure SaaS solution that runs completely on cloud infrastructure. This means you don’t have to worry about managing or maintaining servers, which can be a huge relief for businesses that are short on resources. It also provides high availability and disaster recovery capabilities so your data is always safe.
  • Not a Packaged Software : Snowflake is not a packaged software solution. This means you don’t have to worry about licensing, upgrades or maintenance costs. You simply pay for what you use, which makes it ideal for small companies with limited budgets.
  • Uses virtual computing instances for compute needs : It uses virtual computing instances for compute needs, which means it can scale up and down as needed. This makes it ideal for businesses that have unpredictable workloads or that need to process large amounts of data in a short amount of time without having to worry about paying for unused resources.

Snowflake Tutorial For Beginner & Advance Key Features

Standard and Extended SQL support : It supports both Standard and Extended SQL, which means it can be used by developers with any existing database skills. It also means that if you’re already using an existing database system, you won’t have to re-train staff or learn a new syntax when switching over.

Command Line Interface : It has a Command Line Interface (CLI) that makes it easy to get started and provides access to many of the same features that you’d find in a traditional database management system. This means that you can use Snowflake without having to learn any new tools or syntaxes.

Rich Set of Client connectors : It has a rich set of client connectors, including Java, .NET and Python. This makes it easy for developers to integrate Snowflake into their existing applications or use it as the back-end for new systems. It also means that you can use the same languages that you’re already familiar with when working with databases.

Bulk Loading and Unloading Data : It has a number of features that make it easy to load and unload large datasets. This includes support for bulk loading data using Amazon S3, as well as the ability to connect directly with any application that can send data over TCP/IP. Snowflake makes it easy to load and unload data, which can be useful if you want to move large amounts of information from one location to another without having to do it manually. This feature is especially helpful if your company has a lot of data that needs to be transferred on a regular basis.

Advanced Analytics Capabilities : Snowflake offers some advanced analytics capabilities that allow users to perform complex calculations on their datasets while still keeping them in the cloud.

Elasticity and Scalability: Snowflake’s design allows for automatic scaling based on data processing and user demand, providing organizations with the ability to handle sudden increases in data usage without the need for manual infrastructure scaling.

Separation of compute and storage: Snowflake separates compute and storage resources, allowing customers to pay only for what they use and to easily scale their compute and storage resources independently. This makes it easier and more cost-effective for organizations to manage their data warehousing needs.

Security: Snowflake provides multiple layers of security, including encryption of data in transit and at rest, role-based access control, and continuous monitoring of the system. This makes it a great choice for organizations that need to store and analyze sensitive data.

What is a Data Warehouse?

  • The Snowflake data warehouse is a cloud-based, massively parallel processing (MPP) platform that enables you to ingest, store and analyze massive amounts of data.
  • It can help you run queries on petabytes of information in seconds so you can make timely decisions based on the most current data available. The Snowflake platform provides tools for building your own custom applications that work with the data warehouse or connect directly to the database itself.
  • Snowflake is a cloud-based data warehouse that’s built for the modern enterprise. It provides you with the security, flexibility, and control of your own on-premise solution, but without the hassle or expense of managing hardware infrastructure.
  • You can access all your data in one place—no matter where it lives—and use it to make faster decisions. Snowflake is a cloud-based data warehouse service that provides fast, scalable and secure storage for your data.
  • It enables you to run complex queries across all your data sources, including internal systems and third-party platforms like Salesforce, Oracle or SAP. Snowflake also gives you access to advanced analytics capabilities such as machine learning and natural language processing (NLP).
  • Snowflake is a cloud-based data warehouse that makes it easy to ingest, store, manage and analyze large amounts of data. It’s built for modern workloads and can scale up or down as needed, so you don’t need to worry about overpaying for infrastructure that sits idle most of the time. You can also run standard SQL queries against Snowflake through its user interface or with Python or R scripts in the cloud.
  • Snowflake is a great choice for enterprises that want to move their data warehouse off-premises, but it’s also suitable for smaller companies that want to analyze external data sets. It supports most major databases including Oracle, PostgreSQL and MySQL, plus it has an open application programming interface (API) so you can integrate with existing applications.
  • Snowflake has a REST API for custom applications, as well as support for big data technologies such as Hadoop and Spark. It integrates with third-party platforms like Salesforce, Oracle or SAP. Snowflake also gives you access to advanced analytics capabilities such as machine learning and natural language processing (NLP).
  • Snowflake can be used with your existing data integrations and applications, so there’s no need to rip and replace. It also supports a variety of data formats including JSON and CSV files, JDBC drivers, ODBC connections and more.

How to connect SnowFlakes

to other systems : Snowflake’s data warehouse can be connected to any system that uses SQL or NoSQL databases. It provides an API for accessing its data and supports a variety of authentication methods, including OAuth and Kerberos.

To Microsoft SQL Server: If you’re a Microsoft enterprise, you can use Snowflake’s ODBC driver to connect to your SQL Server database. This provides an easy way to access data from any application or tool that supports ODBC.

To do this, follow these steps:

1) Go to the following link and download the driver file:

2) Install the driver file by double-clicking it and following the prompts.

3) Open up Visual Studio and create a connection to your database using this code

4 ) Unzip the file and place it in the ODBC directory of your computer.

5) Install the driver on your machine.

6) Run the following command in a terminal: echo “driver={Your Snowflake ODBC Driver Path}” | sudo tee -a /etc/odbcinst.ini

7)Open a command-line window and run “snowflake-odbc-driver -v” to verify that it’s installed correctly.

8) Connect to your database using Microsoft SQL Server Management Studio or any other tool that supports ODBC drivers.

Loading Data Into Snowflakes

1) Create a new table in your database that mirrors the schema of the data you want to load. 

2) Use Snowflake’s command-line interface to load your data into the table using this syntax: schema_name.csv snowflake-loader –table [tablename] –source [sourcepath]

If you’re loading data into a new Snowflake database, you need to create an empty table with the following characteristics:

  •  It must have a column of type STRING (for example, VARCHAR(256)).
  •  This column should have the name “SID” (for example, “SID”).
  •  The value in this column should be set to a unique integer value for each row

Snowflake is a great data warehouse solution for small and medium-sized businesses. It’s easy to use and has many features that make it a powerful tool for analyzing data. Snowflake is also very affordable, which makes it an excellent choice if you want to save money while still getting the most out of your analytics efforts.

Snowflake is a great data warehouse solution for companies that need to store and analyze large amounts of data. It’s scalable, easy to use and very affordable. The platform integrates with most popular applications and databases such as Amazon Redshift, PostgreSQL and MySQL. If you are looking for an affordable alternative to AWS Athena or Amazon Redshift, Snowflake is definitely worth considering.

SnowSQL for Build Loading

The SnowSQL Loader is a command-line tool that allows you to load data from CSV files into Snowflake tables. The syntax for using the SnowSQL Loader is as follows:

  1. Use the demo_db database.
  2. Last login: Sat Sep 19 14:20:05 on ttys011
  3. Superuser-MacBook-Pro: Documents xyzdata$ snowsql -a bulk_data_load
  4. User: peter
  5. Password:
  6. * SnowSQL * V1.1.65
  7. Type SQL statements or !help
  8. * SnowSQL * V1.1.65
  9. Type SQL statements or !help
  10. johndoe#(no warehouse)@(no database).(no schema)>USE DATABASE demo_db;
  11. +—————————————————-+
  12. | status                      |
  13. |—————————————————-|
  14. | Statement executed successfully.         |
  15. +—————————————————-+
  16. 1 Row(s) produced. Time Elapsed: 0.219s
  17. The tables were created using the following SQL
  18. peter#(no warehouse)@(DEMO_DB.PUBLIC)>CREATE OR REPLACE TABLE    contacts 
  19. (     
  20. id NUMBER (38, 0)  
  21. first_name STRING,  
  22. last_name STRING,  
  23. company STRING,  
  24. email STRING,  
  25. workphone STRING,  
  26. cellphone STRING,  
  27. streetaddress STRING,  
  28. city STRING,  
  29. postalcode NUMBER (38, 0)
  30. );
  31. +—————————————————-+
  32. | status                      |
  33. |—————————————————-|
  34. | Table CONTACTS successfully created.       |
  35. +—————————————————-+
  36. 1 Row(s) produced. Time Elapsed: 0.335s
  37. Next, create an internal stage called csvfiles.
  38. peter#(no warehouse)@(DEMO_DB.PUBLIC)>CREATE STAGE csvfiles;
  40. +—————————————————-+
  41. | status                      |
  42. |—————————————————-|
  43. | Stage area CSVFILES successfully created.     |
  44. +—————————————————-+
  45. 1 Row(s) produced. Time Elapsed: 0.311s
  46. PUT command to stage the records in csvfiles. This command uses a wildcard contacts0*.csv to load multiple files, @ symbol defines where to stage the files – in this case, @csvfiles.
  47. peter#(no warehouse)@(DEMO_DB.PUBLIC)>PUT file:///tmp/load/contacts0*.csv @csvfiles;
  48. contacts01.csv_c.gz(0.00MB): [##########] 100.00% Done (0.417s, 0.00MB/s),
  49. contacts02.csv_c.gz(0.00MB): [##########] 100.00% Done (0.377s, 0.00MB/s),
  50. contacts03.csv_c.gz(0.00MB): [##########] 100.00% Done (0.391s, 0.00MB/s),
  52. contacts04.csv_c.gz(0.00MB): [##########] 100.00% Done (0.396s, 0.00MB/s),
  53. contacts05.csv_c.gz(0.00MB): [##########] 100.00% Done (0.399s, 0.00MB/s),
  56. +—————-+——————-+————-+————————+
  57. | source | target | source_size | target_size | status |               
  58. |—————————————————————————|
  59. | contacts01.csv | contacts01.csv.gz | 554 | 412 | UPLOADED |
  60. | contacts02.csv | contacts02.csv.gz | 524 | 400 | UPLOADED |
  61. | contacts03.csv | contacts03.csv.gz | 491 | 399 | UPLOADED |
  62. | contacts04.csv | contacts04.csv.gz | 481 | 388 | UPLOADED |
  63. | contacts05.csv | contacts05.csv.gz | 489 | 376 | UPLOADED |
  64. +——————+——————-+————-+———————-+
  65. 5 Row(s) produced. Time Elapsed: 2.111s
  66. To confirm that the CSV files have been staged, use the LIST command.
  67. peter#(no warehouse)@(DEMO_DB.PUBLIC)>LIST @csvfiles;
  68. To load the files from the staged files into the CONTACTS table, specify a virtual warehouse to use.
  69. peter#(no warehouse)@(DEMO_DB.PUBLIC)>USE WAREHOUSE dataload; 
  70. +—————————————————-+
  71. | status |
  72. |—————————————————-|
  73. | Statement executed successfully. |
  74. +—————————————————-+
  75. 1 Row(s) produced. Time Elapsed: 0.203s
  76. Load the staged files into a Snowflake table
  77. peter#(DATALOAD)@(DEMO_DB.PUBLIC)>COPY INTO contacts;
  78.                     FROM @csvfiles
  79.                     PATTERN = ‘.*contacts0[1-4].csv.gz’
  80.                     ON_ERROR = ‘skip_file’;
  81. INTO defines where the table data to be loaded, PATTERN specifies the data files to load, and ON_ERROR informs the command when it encounters the errors.
  82. If the load was successful, you can now query your table using SQL
  83. peter#(DATALOAD)@(DEMO_DB.PUBLIC)>SELECT * FROM contacts LIMIT 10;

Staging the files :

The first step is to create the files that will be used to load data into Snowflake. This can be done using any text editor of your choice, or you can use a tool such as Microsoft Excel or Google Sheets. The only requirement is that each file contains data in comma-separated values format (CSV) with a header row containing column names.

The next step is to create a staging table for your data.

You can do this by running the following command:

-snowflake –create-staging-table [tablename] -snowflake –create-staging-table [tablename]

Once created, you will see a new table appear in the Snowflake Console: The SnowSQL Loader requires that your CSV files be staged in the correct location on your file system.

For example, if you want to load data into a table named mytable in a database named mydatabase, and the source directory is called /data/mydata , then the files would need to be staged at /data/mydata/mytable .

Before loading the data, you must move all of the files into an Amazon S3 bucket. After moving them to the Amazon S3 bucket, you can then use SnowSQL Loader to load them into Snowflake.

1) Create a folder on your computer called “csv_files”.

2) Copy the CSV files into this folder.

3) Open a terminal window and go to the directory where you have copied the CSV files with the following command: cd csv_files

Loading the Data :

1) From the command line, enter the following command:

snowload –source mytable –destination s3://mybucket/data/mydata/mytable

2) When you run this command, SnowSQL Loader will prompt you to specify a password for your Amazon S3 bucket.

3) You can leave the password blank if you want but it is highly recommended that you specify one.


Snowflake’s working architecture is unique, designed to efficiently store and process large volumes of data in a cloud-based environment. Here are the main components of Snowflake’s architecture:

Cloud Storage: Snowflake uses cloud storage to store data, which means that businesses do not need to manage their own physical data storage infrastructure. Snowflake supports several cloud storage services, including AWS S3, Microsoft Azure Storage, and Google Cloud Storage. When data is loaded into Snowflake, it is stored in cloud storage.

Compute Layer: Snowflake’s compute layer is responsible for processing queries and data transformations. It is separate from the storage layer, which means that businesses can scale their compute resources independently of their storage resources. When a query is submitted to Snowflake, the compute layer retrieves the data from the cloud storage layer and processes the query.

Metadata Layer: Snowflake’s metadata layer is responsible for storing metadata about the data stored in Snowflake. This includes information such as schema definitions, table definitions, and access control permissions. The metadata layer is also separate from the storage and compute layers, which helps to ensure that metadata management does not interfere with query performance or data processing.

Services Layer: Snowflake’s services layer provides various services that support the overall operation of the Snowflake platform. Examples of services offered by Snowflake include authentication and access control, query optimization, and system monitoring and management.

Clients Layer: Snowflake supports a wide range of client applications, including SQL clients, ETL tools, BI tools, and programming languages. These clients connect to Snowflake using standard database protocols, such as ODBC, JDBC, and REST APIs.


  • Data visualization is an essential component of any data analysis process, and Snowflake provides many options for visualizing data. Here are some ways to visualize data using Snowflake:
  • Snowflake’s built-in visualizations: Snowflake provides built-in visualizations such as line charts, bar charts, pie charts, and tables. These visualizations can be created using the Snowflake web interface or Snowflake’s SQL client, SnowSQL.
  • Snowflake External Functions: An External Function is a feature in Snowflake that allows users to execute scripts in a variety of programming languages, including python or JavaScript. You can utilize External Functions to perform calculations and create charts or visualizations that are not easily available in Snowflake.
  • Custom Integrations: Snowflake provides APIs for developers to create their own custom visualization applications. Developers can use Snowflake’s APIs to build custom business logic and tailor unique data visualization applications to fit their organization’s data model.
  • Moreover, Snowflake integrates seamlessly with popular data visualization tools such as Tableau, Power BI, and Looker. These tools offer advanced visualization capabilities and allow users to create interactive dashboards and reports using data stored in Snowflake. By connecting Snowflake with these visualization tools, users can leverage their familiar interfaces and features to explore and analyze data effectively.
  • Additionally, Snowflake’s scalability and performance make it well-suited for handling large volumes of data for visualization purposes. Whether it’s processing real-time streaming data or querying massive datasets, Snowflake’s cloud-native architecture ensures that data visualization tasks are executed efficiently without compromising on speed or reliability. This scalability allows organizations to visualize complex datasets and derive meaningful insights to drive business decisions effectively.

Relational Database

A relational database is a type of database that organizes data into one or more tables, where each table consists of a series of rows and columns. In a relational database, data is modeled using a set of related tables, with each table representing a specific data entity or concept. Tables are organized around primary keys that establish relationships between different tables in the database.

Relational databases are based on the relational model, which was introduced by Computer Scientist Edgar F. Codd in 1970. The model represents data in the form of normalized tables with logical relationships. The normalization process reduces data redundancy and improves data consistency across the data model.

The most common type of relational database management system (RDBMS) is SQL (Structured Query Language), which is used to create, modify, and query relational databases. SQL provides a standardized syntax for working with relational databases, making it possible to write queries and perform operations across different database platforms.

Standard Query Language (SQL)

SQL stands for Structured Query Language. It is a standard programming language used to manage, manipulate and retrieve data from relational databases. SQL is used to interact with databases, which are collections of data organized into tables, schemas, and columns. It can be used for tasks such as inserting, retrieving, updating, and deleting data from databases.

SQL is a language used for managing data in relational databases. It consists of commands and syntax for effective query and data manipulation instructions. It’s widely used in various industries and technologies, but it doesn’t support basic programming constructs.

Some common uses of SQL include:

  1. Retrieving data from a database using SELECT statements
  2. Adding new data to a database using INSERT statements
  3. Modifying existing data in a database using UPDATE statements
  4. Removing data from a database using DELETE statements
  5. Creating new tables, views, and other database objects using CREATE statements
  6. Modifying existing tables, views, and other database objects using ALTER statements
  7. Removing tables, views, and other database objects using DROP statements
Data Warehouse

A data warehouse is a database designed for storing and querying large amounts of structured and semi-structured data from multiple sources. Its main purpose is to provide a single source of truth for an organization’s data, facilitating analysis and understanding.

Data warehouses are typically used to store historical data rather than real-time data, and they often contain data from multiple sources such as transactional databases, customer databases, and external data sources. The data is transformed, cleaned and standardized to make it consistent, more accessible, and easier to analyze.

A data warehouse typically involves a process called ETL (Extract, Transform, Load), which involves extracting data from various sources, transforming it into a common format, and then loading it into the data warehouse.

Data warehouses are used by organizations of all sizes and industries, including finance, healthcare, retail, and more. They are essential for performing business intelligence and data analytics tasks, such as generating reports, creating dashboards, and conducting data mining and predictive analysis.


The pricing is very flexible, it can be customized according to your needs. The basic plan costs $20/user/month with 1TB of storage and 200GBs of data processing. This plan is good for small teams who need a place to store their data and perform analysis on it.

The pricing is based on usage, which means that you’ll only be charged for what you use. If your business has a small database with no more than 100 GB of data, then the service will remain free until your database grows beyond that threshold. You can also get a free trial if you want to test out the product before committing to an account.

The plan which is based on your personal need and the usage of the product. The pricing options include:

a) The number of users you want to have access to the product

b) how many data sources and databases you need to connect to Snowflake

c) how much data you want to store in your account (in GBs or TBs).

The pricing is very affordable and competitive. Snowflake has two pricing plans:

a) The Starter Plan : $20 per month for up to 5 GBs of data storage b) the Pro Plan: $200 per month for unlimited data storage.

b) The Enterprise Plan : $1500 per month for unlimited data storage.


In Conclusion, Snowflake is a great data warehouse solution for small and medium-sized businesses. It’s easy to use and has many features that make it a powerful tool for analyzing data. Snowflake is also very affordable, which makes it an excellent choice if you want to save money while still getting the most out of your analytics efforts.

Additionally, Snowflake offers various security and compliance options to safeguard data and comply with regulations. It is user-friendly with a straightforward interface and can be integrated with third-party tools and services.

Overall Snowflake is a data warehousing solution that offers scalability, flexibility, and ease of use. It is suitable for organizations of all sizes and industries, and has gained popularity for storing and analyzing large volumes of data in the cloud.

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